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Commercial logging is still the main source of employment in most of the municipalities of Amazon region in Northern Mato Grosso, says the Timber Industry Association of Northern Mato Grosso (Sindusmad).
For example, in Cotriguaçu, a municipality 970 km Northwest of Cuiaba city of 14,000 people, more than 1,000 people are directly employed by the timber industry. Cotriguaçu forests are a source of many commercial timber species including Jatobá, Ipê, Cumaru, Caxeta, Tauari and Pinho Cuiabano. The region is monitored by the Brazilian Institute for Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA) with support from the National Security Force in the enforcement of the federal and state environmental legislations.

The largest timber company in the region produces rotary cut veneer and sliced veneer (around 1,000 cu.m and 100,000 square metres per month respectively). As for sawnwood and processed solid wood, about 800 cu.m is produced per month. However, the company is not working at full capacity as it is waiting for the approval of sustainable forest management plans by federal authorities to increase the raw material supply. While demand for timber products is picking up, there is pressure for the Federal agencies to speed up the approval of the plans.

Rio Grande do Sul passes law on legal wood
The state government of Rio Grande do Sul approved a bill to establish a public procurement procedure verifying the legality of timber and non-timber products from natural forests.
The rules and procedures apply statewide to public administration including public enterprises, joint stock companies and other companies or foundations under the state administration. The measure aims at improving control and monitoring of legal logging and trade in forest products.

The National Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (IBAMA), the State Secretariat of Environment and the General Attorney of the State (PGE) will be in charge of enforcing the law.
The law, named Madeira Legal (Legal Wood), involves procedures ranging from authorised timber transport to verification of the origin, as well as permits and approvals given by environmental agencies which are members of the National Environment System (Sisnama).

Joint monitoring operation launched in Rondonia
In August 2010, the Dinizia Operation was launched jointly by a number of government agencies aimed at curbing illegal exploitation of forest products and by-products. The special target is on fictitious forest management plans and clear cutting often found in indigenous lands and conservation areas.
The joint operation involves government agencies including the Brazilian Institute of Environment and Renewable Natural Resources (IBAMA), the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity (ICMBio), Federal Police, the National Security Force (FN), the Federal Road Police (PRF) and System Amazon Protection (SIPAM). The agencies together form the Inter-ministerial Commission to Combat Crime and Environmental Violations (CICCIA).
The operation will start in Porto Velho, capital of the Northern Amazonian state of Rondonia, focusing on the city districts of Jaci-Paraná, Vista Alegre do Abunã, Extreme and New California.